At least 10 people were killed in a cloudy explosion near the sacred Amarnath Cave in southern Kashmir Friday evening. Officials said more than 25 tents and three community kitchens were destroyed in the incident. He said the cloud exploded at 5:30 p.m. in heavy rain. Military, police and ITBP personnel launched rescue operations. This is not the first time such a disaster has occurred on the mountains. Even before that, hundreds of people had lost their lives due to the clouds exploding on the mountains several times. The incident of cloud explosion near Amarnath Cave once again brought back the horrific memories of the Kedarnath disaster. First of all, let’s find out why clouds exploded on the mountains.
Cloudburst explosion near Amarnath Cave kills 10 pilgrims, more than 20 are missing
What is Cloudburst?
Sudden heavy rain over a limited area indicates an explosion of clouds. Due to the cloudburst, it rains only for a few minutes, but during this time it rains so much that a flood-like situation arises in the area. Simply put, if an area of a few square kilometers receives more than 100 mm of rain in an hour, it can be called a cloudburst. Uttarakshi and Rudraprayaag received 479 mm of rain on the night between 16 and 17 June 2013. They are called Cloudbursts.
It does not mean that a solid mass of water suddenly comes and falls somewhere called a cloud explosion. Cloudburst usually occurs at an altitude of 15 km from Earth. It causes precipitation at a rate of about 100 mm per hour. Within a few minutes, more than 2 cm of rain falls, causing great destruction.
Why and how do clouds explode?
Cloudburst is a normal phenomenon. This happens because warm air from the ground or under clouds is blown away, carrying raindrops with it. In such a situation, the constant rain does not descend and gathers above. That is, clouds with high humidity remain in one place.
Then the water droplets that are there mix with each other. The density of the cloud increases with the increase in the weight of the droplets. Then suddenly it started raining heavily. It is also called carrier cloud. It’s like a kind of balloon filled with water, in which all the water suddenly comes out at once when punctured. In India, cloud eruption occurs mostly in the mountains where the higher mountains block the lower clouds of the monsoon. Water-filled clouds are disrupted in mountainous regions. Due to the height of the mountains, the clouds cannot move forward. Then suddenly it started raining heavily in one place.
Horrific memories of the Kedarnath disaster
In June 2013, a cloud explosion near Kedarnath temple in Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides. It was the country’s worst natural disaster since the 2004 tsunami. The search for bodies has been going on in the Kedar Valley for several months. By the end of September 2013, about 556 bodies had been found, of which 166 were found in a severely decomposed state during the fourth round of the search. There was a huge loss of life and property due to the floods.
The floods washed away a lot of people. Thousands of people became homeless. It is estimated that more than 5,000 people died in this terrible disaster. Apart from this Uttarakhand tragedy, there have been incidents of cloud eruption in many mountainous regions including Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh in which hundreds of people were killed. There is currently no proven way to prevent and detect this phenomenon in advance.