A new class IX school history textbook presented by the Haryana Board of Secondary Education has blamed the alleged policy of appeasement of the Congress for dividing the country. The book, which was uploaded to the council’s website, noted the “laxity and greed of power” for the Congressional leadership behind the partition of the country in 1947.
Gandhi’s dialogue and Jinnah are examples of appeasement policy
It was stated in a special section of the book “The Policy of Appeasement of Congress” that “The Congress wanted to cooperate with the Muslim League against the British government. It was the Lucknow Charter of 1916, the Khilafah movement of 1919, the Gandhi and Jinnah talks of 1944. Part of the policy of appeasement. There were examples. Sectarianism encouraged. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was subjected to repeated temptations and began to oppose Congress forever because of the undue importance he had been given.”
The opposition raised questions about the “politicization of education”
The book invites a discussion of the politics of appeasement in the current political context. It has been questioned, ‘If partition is necessary to ensure peace between the two countries, why can’t peace be preserved even today. Former Haryana Chief Minister and Opposition Leader Buyinder Singh Hooda dismissed the changes in textbooks as “politicizing education”, saying “they should have known how the struggle of Congress helped achieve independence”.
Its chairman, Professor Jagbir Singh, says Congress leaders “have always been eager to seize power and have agreed to split easily”. “If he had agreed to share power with Jinnah, the country would not have faced partition because he (Jinnah) died soon,” he said.
Hedgwar and Savarkar are also mentioned
According to a Tribune report, RSS founder KB Hedgewar and Abhinav Bharat founder Vinayak Damodar Savarkar are included in the book. There is a special mention of Savarkar being in the Andaman Prison, but no mention is made of his petitions of mercy. Professor Jagpier claimed, “It is more important to note that he was sentenced to two births and faced atrocities.”
The Indus Valley Civilization is mentioned as the “Indus Saraswati Civilization”
In the history book Chapter X, the Indus Valley Civilization is mentioned as “The Indus Saraswati Civilization”. Principal coordinator of book writing, Associate Professor at Bilaspur (Yamunanagar) Government College Ramesh Kumar explained, “We are not undermining the Indus Valley Civilization. Only several new sites have emerged on the banks of the former Saraswati.”
Professor Jagbir says there is a need to change the history books as previous books focused more on the British and the Mughals. He said, “We have added how Haryana has contributed to the struggle for freedom….”